Headache in children

Headache in children
headaches affects not only adults but also children.Headache in children can be caused by dozens of very different reasons.

Children, like adults, may experience a so-called primary headaches - tension and migraine.Many people have noted that for the first time experienced the headache is in the children - up to 10 years (20% of patients) or a teenager - 20 years (50%).

How usually this phenomenon - headaches in children and adolescents?

As it turned out, children and adolescents often suffer from headaches - cephalgia.According to one study, 56% of boys and 74% of girls aged 12 to 17 years reported having had a headache within the last month.At age 15, 5% of all children and adolescents have had migraines and 15% have had tension headaches.

Many parents worry that the child has a headache - a sign of a brain tumor or any other serious medical diagnosis.However, in most cases, headaches in children and adolescents are not the result of serious illness.

Headache in Children: Types

Currently, there is a classification of headache, proposed by an international team of experts (Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society) in 1988:

  • Migraine
  • tension headache
  • Beam (cluster) headache
  • headache not associated with structural lesions of the brain, such as the cold or exertion
  • headache due to head
  • injuries headache due to cardiovascular diseases (acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease, intracranial hematoma, with subarachnoid hemorrhage, arterial hypertension and others.)
  • Headache due to intracranial non-vascular diseases (intracranial hypertension, intracranial infection, intracranial tumors, and others.)
  • Headache due to ingestion of certain substances or their withdrawal
  • Headache due to extracerebral infection
  • Headache due to metabolic disorders (during hypoxia, when hypercapnia, hypoglycemia, and others.)
  • Headache due skull pathology, neck, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, teeth, mouth or other facial or cranial structures
  • Cranial neuralgia, pain in the pathology of nerve trunks
  • unclassifiable headache

Children, like adults, are affected by the same types of "adult" headaches, including headaches and migraine napryazheneniya.

Causes headaches in children and adolescents

In most cases the causes of headaches in children are infections, colds, sinusitis, pharyngitis and otitis media.

The exact causes of migraines in children are unknown, though most likely they are associated with brain disorders or genetically caused.For a long time, scientists have linked migraine with expansion and contraction of blood vessels in the brain.Today, however, there is an assumption that migraine is caused by inherited abnormalities in certain areas of the brain.

In families where both parents suffer from migraines, there is a 70% chance that the child will develop the same disease: 90% of children and adolescents suffering from migraines have other family members with the same disease.The presence of only one parent with a migraine reduces the risk of transmission to the child zabolnvaniya 25-50%.

Children and adolescents can also have a predisposition to migraine, which can be triggered by certain mechanisms, such as fatigue, bright lights, weather changes, stress, depression, certain foods.Some children and adolescents increased physical activity or excessive sun exposure can also cause migraines.

If tension headaches - by recurrent, sometimes daily, pressing, squeezing, often - bilateral, as a rule, does not accompanied - deteriorates over time and are accompanied by other neurological symptoms: deterioration or loss of vision, problems with speech or muscleweakness, then perhaps there is a more serious problem, such as:

  • hydrocephalus (a condition where the cavity of the skull accumulates a large amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which leads to a malfunction of the brain),
  • infection of the brainincluding meningitis (inflammation of the brain and spinal cord), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), abscess,
  • hemorrhage (cerebral hemorrhage),
  • tumor,
  • thrombus,
  • head injury.

suspicion of any of the following conditions require immediate examination of the child specialist.

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