Phobia : overwhelming fear

Phobia : overwhelming fear
Everyone can something to be afraid of: dogs, dark or airfare.But when one of these fears grows to such an extent that it begins to affect his life, he becomes a phobia.

phobia - is a mild mental disorder, which manifests pathological fear of one or more factors in our lives that for the rest of the people would never seemed dangerous.The person starts to panic afraid of a particular situation, activity or object.

Is this fear of radical difference from the everyday stress and anxiety inherent in completely healthy people, when they come, for example, exam.In a healthy person this excitement does not last long, while a phobia always accompanies man, forcing him to make significant changes in your lifestyle.

reasons phobia

causes of phobias are not fully understood, but doctors believe that phobias are more likely to develop in people vysokoemotsionalnyh endowed with rich imagination and prone to anxiety.

impetus to the emergence of the phobia can be any traumatic event or severe stress: got into

a thunderstorm, bitten by a dog, etc.As a rule, the phobia begins in childhood or adolescence and is among women in 2 times more often than men.

Conditional kinds of phobias

Species phobias are more than 300, and conditionally them all can be traced to five types.

  • phobia relating to natural phenomena: thunderstorms, wind, water reservoir etc.
  • animal phobia - fear of predators, snakes, dogs, insects, and so on.
  • phobia situations: elevators, open spaces of communication.
  • phobia of diseases and injuries, which includes everything - from the fear of blood to the fear of death.
  • other phobia, the most diverse and unexpected, such as the fear of the number 13, or the fear of choking.

phobia symptoms

When faced with a frightening object or situation a person experiences a panic, he has a heart palpitations, dizzy, cold sweat break through.Possible even fainting

How is psychiatrists methods phobia Phobias

treated group kongitivno-behavioral therapy, which teaches people to overcome their fear.anti-anxiety drugs (if necessary) is also prescribed by the doctor.

How do you know that you have a phobia

To suspect it may be in the following cases.

  • If you notice more than 6 months at the fear of something specific.
  • If you realize that your fear is inadequate situation or object.
  • If fear is manifested very strongly as a panic attack.
  • If fear keeps you from going to work, to shop and do other everyday things.

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