Smoking and diabetes : a dangerous combination

Smoking and diabetes : a dangerous combination
Smoking is particularly dangerous for diabetes: Nicotine enhances the level of glucose in the blood of patients.

Studies by American scientists have shown that smoking and diabetes - a dangerous combination: Nicotine reduces the efficiency of the control of carbohydrate metabolism in smokers with diabetes.

constantly high blood sugar, in turn, increases the risk of developing serious complications of diabetes, such as kidney failure, nerve damage, heart attack, stroke, impaired vision.

According to research by the American Diabetes Association, diabetes affects about 26 million people in the US and 7 million of them still do not know about their disease.How many patients with diabetes smoke, still remains a mystery.

Smoking and diabetes: a new study

Doctors have long known that diabetics, smokers can not be as successful in controlling their disease as non-smokers.However, researchers were unable to date to determine which of the 4000 chemical compounds in cigarette smoke is responsible for the i

ncrease in blood sugar in diabetes.

answer this question decided to research staff at California State Polytechnic University.Under laboratory conditions, they were exposed to nicotine human blood samples.

scientists isolated from the blood of the red blood cells (erythrocytes) and worked on them glucose and nicotine in various concentrations.As an indicator of the changes taking place in the cells used in blood levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C).In humans, this substance reflects the effectiveness of the control of carbohydrate metabolism in the last three months or so.The greater the HbA1C content, the higher the content of glucose in the blood.

concentration of nicotine that was used in the study was comparable with the content of this poison in the blood of smokers.Scientists have used the concentrations of nicotine, which occurred in the blood when smoked per day for one or two packs of cigarettes.

was found that the greater the effects of nicotine, the higher the blood levels of HbA1c, indicating a very unfavorable effect of this substance on carbohydrate metabolism.Depending on the concentration of nicotine, which were treated with erythrocytes in the experiment, it was observed increase of HbA1c level ranging from 9% to 34.5%.

According to the head of the study, Dr. Xiao-Juan Liu (Xiao-Chuan Liu) all diabetics should think about the information received, as they are quite frightening.He believes that endocrinologists should use the results of a new job to convince their patients to quit smoking.

However, at the same time, Dr. Liu is concerned about the possibility of the use of various drugs, which are often used in the period of refusal of cigarettes.All of them (nicotine patches, chewing gum, etc.) contain nicotine, and therefore may also have an adverse effect on carbohydrate metabolism.This is important to remember, and it is necessary to minimize the time of application.

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