How to identify STDs

How to identify STDs
Symptoms of these diseases include profuse discharge, itching, burning, frequent painful urination, discomfort in the genitourinary system.However, all of these diseases can occur in a hidden form, so it is important to identify STDs time.

important to promptly and correctly diagnose the pathogen of the disease - it is necessary to prescribe treatment correctly and prevent the transition of the acute phase of infection in chronic.In any case, it is not necessary to wait until the initial symptoms intensify, it is also recommended not to postpone a visit to the doctor or to self-medicate.

STD: diagnostics

incubation period of most STDs averages 10-14 days.This means that after 2 weeks after the alleged infection can already be screened in order to identify the causative agent.

most informative diagnostic point of view, a comprehensive laboratory examination, including determination of antibodies (immune system cells is generated in response to the intake of any antigen) to a bacterial or viral infe


determine the amount of antibodies (IgG, IgA and IgM), you can learn about the limitations of infection, the presence of acute or chronic process.

One of accurate methods of determining the STD, which has high sensitivity and specificity, - PCR diagnostics.The essence of this method is to determine the DNA or RNA of the pathogen area.Diagnostic PCR is carried out using the biomaterial as blood and secretions of the genital tract.This method is advisable to apply at the beginning of the disease, because the initial symptoms of the primary infection localization sites (urogenital tract).

Proper therapy

bacteriological study method will help to determine not only the number of colony-forming units of microorganisms, but also to determine the sensitivity to antibiotics (if bacteria) or antimycotic (for fungal infection) drugs.

drug susceptibility testing allows the physician to see which drug is suitable for the treatment for you.Moreover, the competent doctor in order to achieve maximum therapeutic effect always prescribes treatment only after the determination of antibiotic susceptibility.

fact that the infection may remain uncured in the body, passing into a chronic form, which subsequently is fraught with development prostatitis in men and inflammatory processes of the uterus and appendages in women.In addition, by themselves do not cause infertility sexually transmitted diseases, but their complications can lead to the formation of adhesions in the pelvic organs, chronic endometritis (inflammation of the uterus) and salpingo (inflammation of the appendages).

As a rule, a comprehensive treatment of sexually transmitted diseases also includes immune-boosting drugs.

Pregnant interesting

particular importance is the screening for STDs and the so-called TORCH-infection (determination of antibodies to toxoplasma, rubella, cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus), because these viruses can cause pathology of the fetus.The highest risk occurs when the infection occurred in the first trimester of pregnancy, when there is formation of all organs and systems of the future baby.

should therefore be held a full examination for STDs and TORCH-infection when planning a pregnancy, to identify when they have time to undergo treatment before pregnancy.

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