Erosive gastritis : Diagnosis

Erosive gastritis is a fairly common disease of the gastrointestinal tract and requires prompt diagnosis and treatment.

One form of the gastric mucosa is an inflammation erosive gastritis.Its main feature is the appearance of the gastric lining to single or multiple erosions that are surface defects mucosa.In contrast to the ulcers, which are also accompanied by a violation of the integrity of the stomach, erosions heal without the formation of connective tissue scar.

Erosive Gastritis can be acute or chronic and is considered a significant risk factor for the development of gastric ulcers and gastric bleeding.

Endoscopy with erosive gastritis

most important method for diagnosing diseases of the stomach is endoscopy with biopsy of the mucosa.

Before the procedure, the doctor sprays the walls of the oral cavity and oropharynx special anesthetic that reduces the discomfort.In addition, before the study can receive sedative drugs that relieve patient anxiety and fear.

After preparation, the doctor

inserts into the stomach through the mouth and esophagus endoscope: a hollow tube with a small diameter of the lamp and camera on the end.This allows you to carefully examine the lining of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, and to evaluate the contractile function data gastrointestinal tract.

If necessary, your doctor may conduct a biopsy of the mucous: take a small piece of tissue for study under a microscope.

Endoscopy not only helps to identify the erosive gastritis and other stomach diseases, but also to detect the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which are considered the main culprit of inflammatory diseases and disorders of digestion in the stomach.

Other methods of diagnosis of erosive gastritis

To detect erosive changes in the stomach or complications of the disease and the following methods are used.

  • X-ray examination with barium.The patient drinks a barium slurry, which envelops the walls of the hollow digestive organs and allows them to see on X-ray.This study is used for the detection of erosions, ulcers, tumors, narrowing of the lumen of the stomach or bowel disorders and contractile function.
  • analysis of stool occult blood test reveals the presence of red blood cells in the stool, which can be a sign of hidden gastric bleeding.
  • Research on Helicobacter pylori: blood tests, stool samples and exhaled air, which help detect signs of H. pylori infection.The presence of bacteria in the stomach can also be set at endoscopy and biopsy of mucous.
  • Complete blood count with a certain number of red blood cells and hemoglobin reveals anemia, which is often a sign of chronic gastric or intestinal bleeding.

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