Antibiotics for sore throat : yes or no

Antibiotics for sore throat
success of the treatment of acute tonsillitis depends on the proper choice of drugs.But recently the appointment of antibiotics for sore throat are treated with suspicion.And there is a reason.

It's no secret that the uncontrolled use of antimicrobial agents cause many unwanted consequences - dysbacteriosis, allergic reactions, decreased immunity - and thus puts the body at risk for recurrent disease.Therefore prefer to prescribe these drugs only in case of severe and often recurrent angina.

On the other hand, failure of antibiotic treatment for sore throat can lead to serious consequences.So to be or not to be?

What is angina

To begin with we shall understand, what a sore throat or tonsillitis.This is an acute infectious disease characterized by inflammatory changes lymphadenoid pharyngeal tonsil tissue.

It can cause:

  • cocci,
  • sticks,
  • viruses,
  • spirochetes,
  • mushrooms,
  • mycoplasma and chlamydia
  • ,

but more than 80% of the agent is a β-hemolytic streptococcus group A. Therefore, the di

agnosis and competent treatment of angina in the first place recommended a mandatory test for its detection.And if it turns out that the pathogen is still a bacterium, the antimicrobial agent to inhibit its activity is needed.Just what?

What antibiotics select for angina

Before treatment is necessary to conduct test for sensitivity to antibiotics - antibiotikogrammy.Then the choice of the drug would be as accurate as possible.

But research takes time, and if the condition of the person, especially a child, is deteriorating by the hour (high fever, there is severe pain on swallowing, swelling of the throat, increased amygdala and they raid appears), for the prevention of complications need to prescribe antibioticswithout microbiological studies.

Before prescribe antibiotics for sore throat in children should ask:

  • whether an allergic reaction to antibiotics;
  • in order if the intestines;
  • type and severity of angina.

Common antibiotics for sore throat

With the destruction or suppression of life hemolytic streptococci in the fabric and on the surface of the tonsils do well semisynthetic broad-spectrum penicillins.They are applied as tablets or as injections.To be effective, the treatment of angina, first antibiotic is administered as an injection, then move on to its oral use.

When intolerance antimicrobials penicillin (allergy) used cephalosporins I generation, macrolides.Macrolides are necessary when the cause of acute tonsillitis are intracellular parasites (Chlamydia, Mycoplasma), insensitive to the drug penicillin.Macrolides

effective even at low doses, have no adverse reactions have certain antifungal activity (for prevention of oral candidiasis) and can be used in conjunction with antihistamines (useful for the treatment of children suffering from allergies).

Local antibiotics for sore throat

When expressed local symptoms - unbearable pain in the throat, especially when swallowing, hyperemia, raids on the tonsils - convenient to use antibiotics in the form of sprays, rinses, tablets or lozenges.Among

effective aerosol formulations containing fusafungine.This is an antibiotic with anti-inflammatory activity of local action.He remains on the surface of the respiratory tract mucosa, without penetrating the bloodstream.Duration of treatment - 10 days.

tablet formulations are easy to use, so how to taste reminiscent of candy canes, but are effective only against the background of the general antibiotic therapy.Sprays

Antimicrobial and anesthetic effect (the structure includes lidocaine hydrochloride) is easy to use due to its dosage form.

more dangerous antibiotics

Any questions related to the use of antibiotics, it is necessary to agree with the doctor.Self-treatment with antimicrobial drugs can cause serious complications.

Gentamicin dangerous development of deafness and kidney damage;kidneys may be affected and some cephalosporins.Chloramphenicol may develop blood loss, liver and nervous system.Tetracycline, doxycycline, are toxic to the liver.Preparations from the fluoroquinolone group affect the cartilage and increases sensitivity to light.

And almost all antibiotics disturb the balance of intestinal microflora, causing goiter, as well as contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.

duration of antibiotic treatment for angina

minimum period for which an antibiotic is prescribed, - 5 days.On average, antibiotics are administered for 7-10 days.The exception to this rule - macrolides.They have a long duration of action, therefore they can be used from 3 to 5 days.

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